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Induction of alloreactive CD4 T cell tolerance in molecular chimeras: A possible role for regulatory T cells
- Induction of alloreactive CD4 T cell tolerance in molecular chimeras: A possible role for regulatory T cells
- Forman D.; Kang E.-S.; Tian C.; Paez-Cortez J.; Iacomini J.
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Journal of Immunology
- Journal of Immunology vol. 176, no. 6, pp. 3410 - 3416
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Induction of molecular chimerism following reconstitution of mice with auiologous bone marrow cells expressing a retrovirally encoded allogeneic MHC class I Ag results in donor-specific tolerance. To investigate the mechanism by which CD4 T cells that recognize allogeneic MHC class I through the indirect pathway of Ag presentation are rendered tolerant in molecular chimeras, transgenic mice expressing a TCR on CD4 T cells specific for peptides derived from Kb were used. CD4 T cells expressing the transgenic TCR were detected in mice reconstituted with bone marrow cells transduced with retroviruses carrying the gene encoding H-2Kb, albeit detection was at lower levels than in mice receiving mock-transduced bone marrow. Despite the presence of CD4 T cells expressing an alloreactive TCR, mice receiving H-2K b-transduced bone marrow permanently accepted Kb disparate skin grafts. CD4+CD25+ T cells from mice reconstituted with H-2Kb-transduced bone marrow prevented rejection of K b disparate skin grafts when adoptively transferred into immunodeficient mice along with effector T cells, suggesting that induction of molecular chimerism leads to the generation of donor specific regulatory T cells, which may be involved in preventing alloreactive CD4 T cell responses that lead to rejection. Copyright © 2006 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.
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