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Effects of smoking on the pulse wave velocity and ankle brachial index in adolescents

Title
Effects of smoking on the pulse wave velocity and ankle brachial index in adolescents
Authors
Hee S.K.Tae Y.G.Hee W.L.Lee K.Young M.H.
Ewha Authors
이근홍영미
SCOPUS Author ID
이근scopusscopus; 홍영미scopus
Issue Date
2007
Journal Title
Korean Circulation Journal
ISSN
1738-5520JCR Link
Citation
Korean Circulation Journal vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 414 - 418
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Background and Objectives : Smoking is known to increase arterial stiffness in adults. The pulse wave velocity (PWV) is known as an established index of arterial stiffness. The effects of smoking on the PWV in adolescents have not yet been established. We measured the PWV and ankle-brachial index (ABI) in adolescents to determine the effects of smoking on adolescents. Subjects and Methods : Four hundred twenty-seven adolescents between 14 to 16 years of age were enrolled from three high schools in Seoul, Korea. The study group was comprised of 48 smokers (38 males and 10 females) and 379 nonsmokers (254 males and 125 females). Measurements of the height, weight and body mass index (BMI) were performed. The blood pressures of the extremities, and the PWV, the ABI, the ejection time and the pre-ejection period were measured using an automatic device (VP-1000). Among the smoking group, we investigated the association between the duration of smoking, the age at which smoking started and the total number of cigarettes smoked with the PWV and ABI. Results : The brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV) in the smoking group was higher than that of the non-smoking group, but the difference was not statistically significant. There was no significant difference between the ABI of the two groups. Among the smokers, the heart-brachial PWV (hbPWV) was significantly associated with the duration of smoking and the total number of cigarettes smoked. Conclusion : Our study showed no significant difference in the PWV between the two groups. A longitudinal, long-term investigation is needed to more accurately determine the effects of smoking on adolescents. © 2007, The Korean Society of Circulation.
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의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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