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A liability of embeddedness? Ethnic social capital, job search, and earnings penalty among female immigrants

Title
A liability of embeddedness? Ethnic social capital, job search, and earnings penalty among female immigrants
Authors
Kim, Harris Hyun-soo
Ewha Authors
김현수
SCOPUS Author ID
김현수scopus
Issue Date
2018
Journal Title
ETHNICITIES
ISSN
1468-7968JCR Link1741-2706JCR Link
Citation
vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 385 - 411
Keywords
Ethnic social capitalinformal job searchweak tiestrong tieimmigrant adaptation
Publisher
SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Evidence concerning the relationship between ethnic social networks and labor market outcomes is mixed. Some studies indicate that immigrants with more social capital benefit in terms of formal-sector employment, higher occupational status, and greater earnings. Others argue that embeddedness in and reliance on ethnic networks can hamper economic incorporation in the host society. Using multilevel analysis of population-level data, this study examines the association between using a personal contact in the job search and monthly earnings among immigrant women (foreign-born spouses) in Korea. Findings show that, at the individual level, the use of personal contact, both weak and strong ties, is related to lower income. At the contextual level, residing in a community characterized by denser informal interaction among immigrant members is also associated with lower income. Finally, the negative relationship between informal job search and earnings is stronger in a community with more aggregate ethnic social capital.
DOI
10.1177/1468796816684146
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 사회학전공 > Journal papers
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