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Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief: A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing

Title
Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief: A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing
Authors
Rose D.Machery E.Stich S.Alai M.Angelucci A.Berniūnas R.Buchtel E.E.Chatterjee A.Cheon H.Cho I.-R.Cohnitz D.Cova F.Dranseika V.Lagos Á.E.Ghadakpour L.Grinberg M.Hannikainen I.Hashimoto T.Horowitz A.Hristova E.Jraissati Y.Kadreva V.Karasawa K.Kim H.Kim Y.Lee M.Mauro C.Mizumoto M.Moruzzi S.Olivola C.Y.Ornelas J.Osimani B.Romero C.Rosas A.Sangoi M.Sereni A.Songhorian S.Sousa P.Struchiner N.Tripodi V.Usui N.del Mercado A.V.Volpe G.Vosgerichian H.A.Zhang X.Zhu J.
Ewha Authors
천현득
SCOPUS Author ID
천현득scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
Thought
ISSN
2161-2234JCR Link
Citation
vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 193 - 203
Keywords
behavioral circumscriptionbeliefcross-culturaldelusionsfolk psychology
Publisher
John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Abstract
Is behavioral integration (i.e., which occurs when a subject's assertion that p matches her nonverbal behavior) a necessary feature of belief in folk psychology? Our data from over 5,000 people across 26 samples, spanning 22 countries suggests that it is not. Given the surprising cross-cultural robustness of our findings, we argue that the types of evidence for the ascription of a belief are, at least in some circumstances, lexicographically ordered: assertions are first taken into account, and when an agent sincerely asserts that p, nonlinguistic behavioral evidence is disregarded. In light of this, we take ourselves to have discovered a universal principle governing the ascription of beliefs in folk psychology. © 2017 The Thought Trust and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
DOI
10.1002/tht3.248
Appears in Collections:
연구기관 > 이화인문과학원 > Journal papers
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