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Factors influencing bystanders' behavioral reactions in cyberbullying situations

Title
Factors influencing bystanders' behavioral reactions in cyberbullying situations
Authors
Song J.Oh I.
Ewha Authors
오인수
SCOPUS Author ID
오인수scopus
Issue Date
2018
Journal Title
Computers in Human Behavior
ISSN
0747-5632JCR Link
Citation
vol. 78, pp. 273 - 282
Keywords
BystanderBystander effectCyberbullyingDefenderOutsider
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the experiential, psychological, and situational factors influencing behavioral reactions of bystanders witnessing cyberbullying. It also investigated whether the ‘bystander effect’ is valid in cyberbullying situations. In addition, a moderation effect of the presence of other bystanders was examined between various influencing factors and bystander's defending tendency. A total of 1058 middle and high school students in metropolitan areas participated in the study, and the experiences of 331 students who have witnessed cyberbullying were analyzed. First, four types of bystanders were found: outsiders were the majority (n = 201, 60.7%), followed by defenders (n = 101, 30.5%), reinforcers (n = 18, 5.4%), and assistants (n = 11, 3.3%). Second, bystanders demonstrated more defending behaviors in the absence of other bystanders, thereby validating the ‘bystander effect’ in cyberbullying situations. Third, low moral disengagement, low anti-social conformity, high perceived control of the situation and bad relationship with bullies were identified as significant predictors of a bystander's defending tendency. Finally, the presence of other bystanders moderated the effect between moral disengagement and the bystander's defending tendency in relation to bullies. The implications of these results for the effective prevention and intervention of cyberbullying are discussed. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
DOI
10.1016/j.chb.2017.10.008
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 교육학과 > Journal papers
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