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Genotype-based case-control analysis, violation of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, and phase diagrams
- Genotype-based case-control analysis, violation of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, and phase diagrams
- Suh Y.J.; Li W.
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Series on Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
- vol. 5, pp. 185 - 194
- We study in detail a particular statistical method in genetic case-control analysis, labeled "genotypebased association", in which the two test results from assuming dominant and recessive model are combined in one optimal output. This method differs both from the allele-based association which artificially doubles the sample size, and the direct χ 2 test on 3-by-2 contingency table which may overestimate the degree of freedom. We conclude that the comparative advantage (or disadvantage) of the genotype-based test over the allele-based test mainly depends on two parameters, the allele frequency difference δ and the Hardy-Weinberg disequilibrium coefficient difference δo. Six different situations, called "phases", characterized by the two χ 2 test statistics in allele-based and genotypebased test, are well separated in the phase diagram parameterized by δ and δ ε. For two major groups of phases, a single parameter θ = tan -1(δ/δε) is able to achieves an almost perfect phase separation. We also applied the analytic result to several types of disease models. It is shown that for dominant and additive models, genotype-based tests are favored over allele-based tests.
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