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Formation of Thermally Stable Bulk Heterojunction by Reducing the Polymer and Fullerene Intermixing

Title
Formation of Thermally Stable Bulk Heterojunction by Reducing the Polymer and Fullerene Intermixing
Authors
Jang Y.Ju Cho Y.Kim M.Seok J.Ahn H.Kim K.
Ewha Authors
김경곤
SCOPUS Author ID
김경곤scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
Scientific Reports
ISSN
2045-2322JCR Link
Citation
vol. 7, no. 1
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
A morphologically stable bulk heterojunction (BHJ) with a large heterojunction area is prepared by reducing the portion of the small band gap polymer (PTB7) and fullerene intermixture through a sequential deposition (SqD) of the nanostructured PTB7 and the fullerene layer. The nanostructured PTB7 layer is prepared using a ternary solvent composed of chlorobenzene, 1,8-diiodooctane (DIO) and 1-chloronaphthalene (1-CN). Adding DIO and 1-CN enhances the ordering of PTB7 chains and results in a nanostructured polymer surface. The grazing incidence X-ray diffraction results reveal that the SqD of the nanostructured PTB7 and fullerene layers forms the BHJ with little intermixing between the polymer and the fullerene domains compared to the BHJ formed by the deposition of the blended PTB7 and fullerene solution (BSD). The OPV utilizing the SqD processed BHJ (SqD-OPV) exhibits a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 7.43%, which is similar to that when the BSD processed BHJ (BSD-OPV) is utilized. Furthermore, the SqD-OPV exhibits an excellent thermal stability. The SqD-OPV maintains its initial PCE even after thermal annealing at 140 °C for 10 days, whereas the BSD-OPV maintains 78% of its initial efficiency under the same condition. © 2017 The Author(s).
DOI
10.1038/s41598-017-09167-4
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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