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Impact of Resection Margin Distance on Survival of Pancreatic Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
- Impact of Resection Margin Distance on Survival of Pancreatic Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
- Kim, Kyung Su; Kwon, Jeanny; Kim, Kyubo; Chie, Eui Kyu
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT
- 1598-2998; 2005-9256
- vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 824 - 833
- Meta-analysis; Pancreatic neoplasms; Resection margin; Systematic review
- KOREAN CANCER ASSOCIATION
- SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Purpose While curative resection is the only chance of cure in pancreatic cancer, controversies exist about the impact of surgical margin status on survival. Non-standardized pathologic report and different criteria on the R1 status made it difficult to implicate adjuvant therapy after resection based on the margin status. We evaluated the influence of resection margins on survival by meta-analysis. Materials and Methods We thoroughly searched electronic databases of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library. We included studies reporting survival outcomes with different margin status: involved margin (RO mm), margin clearance with <= 1 mm (RO-1 mm), and margin with > 1 mm (R>1 mm). Hazard ratio (HR) for overall survival was extracted, and a random-effects model was used for pooled analysis. Results A total of eight retrospective studies involving 1,932 patients were included. Pooled HR for overall survival showed that patients with R>1 mm had reduced risk of death than those with RO-1 mm (HR, 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.61 to 0.88; p=0.001). In addition, patients with RO-1 mm had reduced risk of death than those with RO mm (HR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.72 to 0.91; p < 0.001). There was no heterogeneity between the included studies (12 index, 42% and 0%; p=0.10 and p=0.82, respectively). Conclusion Our results suggest that stratification of the patients based on margin status is warranted in the clinical trials assessing the role of adjuvant treatment for pancreatic cancer.
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