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Growing educational differentials in the retreat from marriage among Korean men

Title
Growing educational differentials in the retreat from marriage among Korean men
Authors
Park H.Lee J.K.
Ewha Authors
이재경
SCOPUS Author ID
이재경scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
Social Science Research
ISSN
0049-089XJCR Link
Citation
vol. 66, pp. 187 - 200
Keywords
EducationKoreaMarriage
Publisher
Academic Press Inc.
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Applying discrete-time hazard models to person-year data constructed from 1% microdata sample of 2010 Korean Census, we explore how men's education affects their transition to first marriage, and how the relationship between education and marriage has changed across three 10-year birth cohorts of Korean men born from 1946 to 1975. Drawing on Oppenheimer's theory of marriage and review of changing educational and economic contexts of Korean men, we develop a hypothesis on growing educational differentials in marriage. We find that the high educated delay marriage until later ages but catch up to the extent to which they are eventually more likely to marry than the low educated. There is a continued trend across cohorts toward the delay and avoidance of marriage at all educational levels. However, the trend of retreat from marriage has been more substantial for men with high school or less education compared to men with a university degree, leading to growing educational gaps over time in marriage. Among the three cohorts, the youngest cohort, among which low educated men's economic prospects have particularly deteriorated due to rapid educational expansion and economic crisis, shows most pronounced decline in marriage. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.
DOI
10.1016/j.ssresearch.2016.10.003
Appears in Collections:
일반대학원 > 여성학과 > Journal papers
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