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Traumatic Buccal Fat Pad Herniation in Young Children: A Systematic Review and Case Report
- Traumatic Buccal Fat Pad Herniation in Young Children: A Systematic Review and Case Report
- Kim S.-Y.; Alfafara A.; Kim J.-W.; Kim S.-J.
- Ewha Authors
- 김선종; 김진우
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 김선종; 김진우
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- vol. 75, no. 9, pp. 1926 - 1931
- W.B. Saunders
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Purpose Traumatic herniation of a buccal fat pad, predominantly seen in young children, is a rare condition. Because of its rarity and clinical features that resemble tumors, clinicians are faced with challenges at the initial diagnosis. This report describes a case of buccal fat pad herniation with excellent long-term prognosis after surgical relocation and conservative treatment and presents a systematic review of the literature on its management. Materials and Methods Through a PubMed search, 811 articles were initially identified. Case series, case reports, technical notes, case and review reports, and retrospective case series were included. After screening and manual review, the sample was narrowed to 35 reports (41 patients) based on eligibility criteria. Articles were included if the standard criteria for traumatic intraoral herniation of buccal fat pad were met. Results Patients' ages ranged from 4 months to 12 years, with no specific gender predilection. Management consisted of excision (82.9%), relocation (14.6%), and observation (2.4%). Follow-up ranged from 1 week to 4 months. No reports presented a follow-up longer than 4 months; hence, data on long-term prognosis were not reported. For the present case report, a 19-month-old boy diagnosed with traumatic buccal fat pad herniation was successfully treated with surgical relocation and antibiotic support. Twelve-month follow-up showed no esthetic or functional disturbance or recurrence. Conclusion Traumatic herniation of the buccal fat pad requires special attention at the initial diagnosis. Considering its clinical importance in young children and few studies have reported long-term postresection follow-up, surgical relocation can be regarded as an excellent and more conservative treatment option. © 2017 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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