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A novel pan-Nox inhibitor, APX-115, protects kidney injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice: possible role of peroxisomal and mitochondrial biogenesis

Title
A novel pan-Nox inhibitor, APX-115, protects kidney injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice: possible role of peroxisomal and mitochondrial biogenesis
Authors
Kwon, GuideockUddin, Md JamalLee, GayoungJiang, SonglingCho, AhreumLee, Jung HwaLee, Sae RomBae, Yun SooMoon, Sung HwanLee, Soo JinCha, Dae RyongHa, Hunjoo
Ewha Authors
하헌주
SCOPUS Author ID
하헌주scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
ONCOTARGET
ISSN
1949-2553JCR Link
Citation
vol. 8, no. 43, pp. 74217 - 74232
Keywords
APX-115diabetic kidney diseasemitochondria and peroxisomeoxidative stresspan-Nox inhibitor
Publisher
IMPACT JOURNALS LLC
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Abstract
NADPH oxidase (Nox)-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) are increasingly recognized as a key factor in inflammation and extracellular matrix accumulation in diabetic kidney disease. APX-115 (3-phenyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4-propyl-1-5-hydroxypyrazol HCl) is a novel orally active pan-Nox inhibitor. The objective of this study was to compare the protective effect of APX-115 with a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor (losartan), the standard treatment against kidney injury in diabetic patients, on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic kidney injury. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ at 50 mg/kg/day for 5 days in C57BL/6J mice. APX-115 (60 mg/kg/day) or losartan (1.5 mg/kg/day) was administered orally to diabetic mice for 12 weeks. APX-115 effectively prevented kidney injury such as albuminuria, glomerular hypertrophy, tubular injury, podocyte injury, fibrosis, and inflammation as well as oxidative stress in diabetic mice, similar to losartan. In addition, both APX-115 and losartan treatment effectively inhibited mitochondrial and peroxisomal dysfunction associated with lipid accumulation. Our data suggest that APX-115, a pan-Nox inhibitor, may become a novel therapeutic agent against diabetic kidney disease by maintaining peroxisomal and mitochondrial fitness.
DOI
10.18632/oncotarget.18540
Appears in Collections:
약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal papers
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