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Factors associated with pregnancy-related knowledge in women of reproductive age with inflammatory bowel disease

Factors associated with pregnancy-related knowledge in women of reproductive age with inflammatory bowel disease
Lee K.E.Jung S.-A.Yoon H.Park S.H.Moon C.M.Kim E.S.Kim S.-E.Yang S.-K.
Ewha Authors
정성애scopus; 김성은scopus; 문창모scopus
Issue Date
Journal Title
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
0036-5521JCR Link
vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 833 - 839
Inflammatory bowel diseaseknowledgepregnancywomen
Taylor and Francis Ltd
Objective: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) usually develops at a young age, and many women experience marriage, pregnancy, and delivery during the disease course. We aimed to evaluate the pregnancy-related knowledge of women with IBD in Korea and investigate the associated factors. Material and methods: A total of 270 women with IBD, aged 19–45 years, from four tertiary hospitals in Korea were administered a questionnaire comprising 17 questions from the validated Crohn’s and Colitis Pregnancy Knowledge Score (CCPKnow) that were translated into Korean. Results: The average CCPKnow score of the 270 patients was 7.47 ± 3.07; and most of the patients (51.5%) exhibited a poor knowledge level. Younger age at diagnosis, Crohn’s disease rather than ulcerative colitis, longer disease duration, anti-TNF-α medication history, higher household income, and delivery after diagnosis were associated with an appropriate level of pregnancy-related knowledge. Younger age at diagnosis (odds ratio [OR], 1.87; p =.036), anti-TNF-α therapy (OR, 1.87; p =.047), and delivery while suffering from IBD (OR, 3.07; p =.002) were independent factors affecting the pregnancy-related knowledge level. Approximately 69.6% of patients acquired related knowledge from their gastroenterology doctor, whereas 19.4% of patients intended to remain childless. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the pregnancy-related knowledge of women of reproductive-age with IBD and their perceptions by using a questionnaire in Asia. As more than half of the patients showed a poor knowledge level of IBD, a general education program should be conducted by gastroenterology doctors. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
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