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Cultural Brokerage and Transnational Entrepreneurship: South Korean and Korean Chinese Entrepreneurs in Beijing's Koreatown

Title
Cultural Brokerage and Transnational Entrepreneurship: South Korean and Korean Chinese Entrepreneurs in Beijing's Koreatown
Authors
Yoon, Sharon J.
Ewha Authors
Sharon Yoon
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
KOREA OBSERVER
ISSN
0023-3919JCR Link
Citation
vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 387 - 423
Keywords
transnational entrepreneurshipethnic enclavecultural skillsmiddleman minorityKorean Chinese
Publisher
INST KOREAN STUDIES
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS; KCI WOS
Abstract
Previous research shows that transnational entrepreneurs move between home and host societies, taking advantage of new markets, currency differentials, and transnational resources. This paper problematizes current theories that stress the importance of human capital in transnational entrepreneurship, by highlighting the powerful role that cultural skills can play in the mobilization of resources. Using ethnographic, interview, and survey data from transnational firms in Beijing's Korean enclave, the paper compares the experiences of South Korean and Korean Chinese entrepreneurs in Beijing, and demonstrates how Korean Chinese, who have lower levels of human capital and material resources, are able to achieve upward mobility by using their positions as cultural middlemen whereas the South Korean entrepreneurs, despite better access to seed money, education, and entrepreneurial experience, are crippled by their limited cultural knowledge.
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국제대학원 > 한국학과 > Journal papers
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