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Insulin resistance according to beta-cell function in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and normal glucose tolerance

Title
Insulin resistance according to beta-cell function in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and normal glucose tolerance
Authors
Song, Do KyeongHong, Young SunSung, Yeon-AhLee, Hyejin
Ewha Authors
성연아홍영선이혜진
SCOPUS Author ID
성연아scopus; 홍영선scopus; 이혜진scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
PLOS ONE
ISSN
1932-6203JCR Link
Citation
vol. 12, no. 5
Publisher
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Background Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with insulin resistance (IR) and compensatory hyperinsulinemia. IR is recognized as a major risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, few studies have investigated IR in women with PCOS and normal glucose tolerance. The objective of this study was to evaluate IR and beta-cell function in women with PCOS and normal glucose tolerance. Additionally, we sought to evaluate the usefulness of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-derived IR indices in lean women with PCOS. Methods We recruited 100 women with PCOS and normal glucose tolerance and 100 age-and BMI-matched women as controls. IR and insulin secretory indices, including the homeostasis-model assessment (HOMA)-IR, HOMA-M-120, HOMA-F and the Stumvoll index, were calculated from an OGTT. Increased beta-cell function was defined as > 75th percentile for the HOMA-F in control women. Results Women with PCOS had higher values for post-load 2-hour glucose, fasting insulin, post-load 2-hour insulin, HOMA-IR, HOMA-M120, HOMA-F and lower values for the Stumvoll index than the controls (all Ps < 0.05). Women with PCOS and increased beta-cell function showed lower Stumvoll index values than the matched controls (P < 0.05). The HOMA-F was significantly associated with the HOMA-M120 and Stumvoll index when adjusted for age and BMI in a multiple regression analysis (all Ps < 0.05). The HOMA-M120 was positively correlated with triglycerides and free testosterone, and the Stumvoll index was negatively correlated with triglycerides and free testosterone in lean women with PCOS (all Ps < 0.05). Conclusions Women with PCOS and normal glucose tolerance showed higher IR than controls matched for age, BMI, and beta-cell function. beta-cell function was increased in women with PCOS when compared to the matched controls, but not when the lean subjects were compared to the matched controls separately. Therefore, early evaluation of IR in women with PCOS and normal glucose tolerance may be needed.
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0178120
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의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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