View : 61 Download: 0

Fight and flight: A multilevel analysis of facework strategies in intercultural face-threatening acts

Title
Fight and flight: A multilevel analysis of facework strategies in intercultural face-threatening acts
Authors
Guan, XiaowenLee, Hye Eun
Ewha Authors
Hye Eun Lee(이혜은)
SCOPUS Author ID
Hye Eun Leescopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS
ISSN
0147-1767JCR Link1873-7552JCR Link
Citation
vol. 58, pp. 69 - 81
Keywords
FaceFaceworkMultilevelIntercultural
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
This study investigates facework strategies of managing face-threatening acts in intercultural interactions where communicators' cultural backgrounds are different from each other. Based on a pre-study with U.S. (n = 89) and Chinese (n = 76) college students, four scenarios featuring intercultural face-threatening acts were developed, where a Chinese student communicated politely and appropriately according to the Chinese culture, but the exact same act was considered otherwise in U.S. culture. In the main study, U.S. college students (N = 217) were given these scenarios and asked to report the general level of face needs, perceived face threats, and facework strategies in each scenario. Multilevel analyses (i.e., Hierarchical Linear Modeling) were employed to parse out the different levels of influence in order to understand both separate and joint impacts of situational face threats and individual face needs on facework strategies. Results showed that: 1) intercultural communicators use both mitigating (i.e., fleeing) and aggravating (i.e., fighting) facework strategies, and a slight preference is given to mitigating strategies; 2) facework strategies are more sensitive to particular situational conditions than to individual dispositions; and 3) individuals' value for others' face moderates the relationship between situational conditions and facework strategies. The current study provides empirical evidence of challenges in establishing meaningful intercultural relationships by identifying the multiple levels of impact on facework strategies in intercultural communication. Further discussion and implications of the findings are also included.
DOI
10.1016/j.ijintrel.2017.04.008
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 커뮤니케이션·미디어학전공 > Journal papers
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE