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Back door wide open? Targeted dumping and continued application of zeroing

Title
Back door wide open? Targeted dumping and continued application of zeroing
Authors
Lee, JaeminCho, Youngjeen
Ewha Authors
조영진
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF KOREA TRADE
ISSN
1229-828XJCR Link
Citation
vol. 20, no. 3
Keywords
Anti-dumping proceedingDumping margin calculationFair comparisonZeroingTargeted dumping
Publisher
EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LTD
Indexed
SSCI; KCI WOS
Abstract
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine zeroing jurisprudence under the WTO's Anti-Dumping Agreement and to see if the jurisprudence can still be applied to situations of targeted dumping where dumping takes place in a specific region, at specific timing, or for specific consumer groups. Design/methodology/approach - This paper examines the prior decisions of the WTO panels and the Appellate Body relating to the zeroing practice. It categorizes the key elements of these prior decisions where the zeroing practice has been found WTO-inconsistent. While there has been no specific dispute addressing targeted dumping per se, this paper proves that core elements of the zeroing practice have been anatomized and dissected by the panels and the Appellate Body in prior proceedings. The paper then analyzes whether these key elements still exist in the specific context of targeted dumping and thus whether application of zeroing is still prohibited in targeted dumping situations. Findings - The existing jurisprudence on zeroing from previous WTO disputes should apply to targeted dumping situations as well. Unbridled application of zeroing in the targeted dumping situations will effectively nullify the existing zeroing jurisprudence accumulated through a decade of WTO disputes. If unchecked, this calculation methodology in the context of targeted dumping may open the back door wide open for "zeroing" negative anti-dumping margins. The paper concludes that the existing jurisprudence on zeroing stands for the proposition that zeroing in targeted dumping should also be prohibited. Originality/value - This paper examines the legality of the zeroing practice in targeted dumping situations, which has been one of the most controversial issues among WTO members for the past several years. The analyses and discussions contained in this paper will provide legal guideline to evaluate zeroing in targeted dumping within the WTO framework. The outcome of the research will provide a platform for continued research and discussion in this area.
DOI
10.1108/JKT-09-2016-012
Appears in Collections:
국제대학원 > 국제학과 > Journal papers
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