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Effects of peer and instructor rationales on online students' motivation and achievement
- Effects of peer and instructor rationales on online students' motivation and achievement
- Shin, Tae S.; Ranellucci, John; Roseth, Cary J.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
- vol. 82, pp. 184 - 199
- Value intervention; Online learning; Motivation; Rationale; Social persuasion
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- SSCI; SCOPUS
- Providing students with a rationale, or explanation of why learning content may be useful, can enhance motivation, but it remains unclear whether the source of the rationale moderates the effect. Accordingly, this study used a randomized experimental-control design to compare the effects of instructor and peer rationales on 59 undergraduates' motivation and achievement in an online course. Both peer and instructor rationales positively influenced students' interest in and perceived utility value of upcoming course content in the short term, but only peer rationales increased students' applied knowledge and final grades at the end of the semester. Unexpectedly, peer rationales also decreased students' relatedness to instructors. Qualitative results suggest that peer rationales may influence achievement by way of identification processes, while instructor rationales focus students' attention on content. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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