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Identification of subtypes in subjects with mild-to-moderate airflow limitation and its clinical and socioeconomic implications

Title
Identification of subtypes in subjects with mild-to-moderate airflow limitation and its clinical and socioeconomic implications
Authors
Lee, Jin HwaRhee, Chin KookKim, KyungjooKim, Jee-AeKim, Sang HyunYoo, Kwang HaKim, Woo JinPark, Yong BumPark, Hye YunJung, Ki-Suck
Ewha Authors
이진화
SCOPUS Author ID
이진화scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
ISSN
1178-2005JCR Link
Citation
vol. 12, pp. 1135 - 1144
Keywords
phenotypeCOPDasthmaoverlaphealth care utilizationcluster
Publisher
DOVE MEDICAL PRESS LTD
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify subtypes in patients with mild-to-moderate airflow limitation and to appreciate their clinical and socioeconomic implications. Methods: Subjects who were aged >20 years and had forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) >= 60% predicted and FEV1/forced vital capacity <0.7 were selected from the fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2007-2012. The data were merged to the National Health Insurance reimbursement database during the same period. k-Means clustering was performed to explore subtypes. For clustering analysis, six key input variables - age, body mass index (BMI), FEV1% predicted, the presence or absence of self-reported wheezing, smoking status, and pack-years of smoking - were selected. Results: Among a total of 2,140 subjects, five groups were identified through k-means clustering, namely putative "near-normal (n= 232)," "asthmatic (n= 392)," " chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (n= 37)," " asthmatic-overlap (n= 893)," and " COPD-overlap (n= 586)" subtypes. Near-normal group showed the oldest mean age (72+/-7 years) and highest FEV1 (102%+/-8% predicted), and asthmatic group was the youngest (46+/-9 years). COPD and COPD-overlap groups were male predominant and all current or ex-smokers. While asthmatic group had the lowest prescription rate despite the highest proportion of self-reported wheezing, COPD, asthmatic-overlap, and COPD-overlap groups showed high prescription rate of respiratory medicine. Although COPD group formed only 1.7% of total subjects, they showed the highest mean medical cost and health care utilization, comprising 5.3% of the total medical cost. When calculating a ratio of total medical expense to household income, the mean ratio was highest in the COPD group. Conclusion: Clinical and epidemiological heterogeneities of subjects with mild-to-moderate airflow limitation and a different level of health care utilization by each subtype are shown. Identification of a subtype with high health care demand could be a priority for effective utilization of limited resources.
DOI
10.2147/COPD.S130140
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의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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