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A smart elevator scheduler that considers dynamic changes of energy cost and user traffic

Title
A smart elevator scheduler that considers dynamic changes of energy cost and user traffic
Authors
Ahn, SungyongLee, SoyoonBahn, Hyokyung
Ewha Authors
반효경이소윤
SCOPUS Author ID
반효경scopus; 이소윤scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
INTEGRATED COMPUTER-AIDED ENGINEERING
ISSN
1069-2509JCR Link1875-8835JCR Link
Citation
vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 187 - 202
Keywords
Elevator schedulinggroup elevatorelectricity pricesmart buildinggenetic algorithm
Publisher
IOS PRESS
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS
Abstract
With the recent advances in energy-aware building technologies, the electricity usage of a smart building is detected every moment and might have different costs at each time slot of a day. This article presents a new elevator scheduling algorithm for a smart building that considers the dynamic changes of electricity price and passenger traffic. The goal of our algorithm is to minimize the electricity charge without increasing passengers' waiting time. To this end, we use a control parameter to increase the number of working elevator cars when the passenger traffic is heavy or the electricity price becomes low. In contrast, when the electricity price becomes high (i. e., peak time), the system adjusts the control parameter to reduce the number of working elevator cars. This is not a simple issue as the two goals we pursue sometimes conflict. Thus, we use an optimization technique based on genetic algorithms in the design of our scheduler. To evaluate the proposed elevator scheduling system, we conduct experiments under synthetic and realistic workload conditions. The results show that the proposed elevator scheduling system significantly saves the electricity charge of the conventional elevator scheduling system. Specifically, the average reduction in the electricity charge is 68.3% without sacrificing passengers' waiting time.
DOI
10.3233/ICA-170539
Appears in Collections:
엘텍공과대학 > 컴퓨터공학과 > Journal papers
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