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Cross-cultural and gender associations with anxiety about electronic data hacking
- Cross-cultural and gender associations with anxiety about electronic data hacking
- Elhai, Jon D.; Chai, Sangmi; Amialchuk, Aliaksandr; Hall, Brian J.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR
- 0747-5632; 1873-7692
- vol. 70, pp. 161 - 167
- Anxiety; Psychological stress; Information technology; Human sex differences; Cross-cultural differences; Privacy
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- SSCI; SCOPUS
- We investigated the impact of data hacking on clinical anxiety and worry. 389 American and 216 Korean college students were recruited, surveyed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaire, and adapted GAD-7 specifically assessing data hacking anxiety. Using confirmatory factor analysis with measurement invariance testing, Koreans scored higher on severity of hacking anxiety items, and differently on factor loadings. Controlling for other variables such as age and prior hacking victimization, cultural group status remained a robust predictor for hacking anxiety. Hacking anxiety in both cultural groups was higher in women than men. Results are placed into the context of theory on information privacy concerns and cross-cultural differences on such concerns. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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