View : 76 Download: 0

Blockade of vascular endothelial growth factor signaling ameliorates diabetic albuminuria in mice

Title
Blockade of vascular endothelial growth factor signaling ameliorates diabetic albuminuria in mice
Authors
Sung S.H.Ziyadeh F.N.Wang A.Pyagay P.E.Kanwar Y.S.Chen S.
Ewha Authors
성순희
SCOPUS Author ID
성순희scopus
Issue Date
2006
Journal Title
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
ISSN
1046-6673JCR Link
Citation
vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 3093 - 3104
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
For investigation of how the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) system participates in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney disease, type 2 diabetic db/db and control db/m mice were treated intraperitoneally with vehicle or 2 mg/kg of a pan-VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, SU5416, twice a week for 8 wk. Efficacy of SU5416 treatment in the kidney was verified by the inhibition of VEGF receptor-1 phosphorylation. Glomerular VEGF immunostaining, normally increased in diabetes, was unaffected by SU5416. Plasma creatinine did not change with diabetes or SU5416 treatment. The primary end point of albuminuria increased approximately four-fold in the diabetic db/db mice but was significantly ameliorated by SU5416. Correlates of albuminuria were investigated. Diabetic glomerular basement membrane thickening was prevented in the SU5416-treated db/db mice, whereas mesangial matrix expansion remained unchanged by treatment. The density of open slit pores between podocyte foot processes was decreased in db/db diabetes but was partly increased toward normal by SU5416. Finally, nephrin protein by immunofluorescence was decreased in the db/db mice but was significantly restored by SU5416. Paradoxically, total nephrin protein by immunoblotting was increased in diabetes, pointing toward a possible dysregulation of nephrin trafficking. Diabetic albuminuria is partially a function of VEGF receptor signaling overactivity. VEGF signaling was found to affect a number of podocyte-driven manifestations such as GBM thickening, slit pore density, and nephrin quantity, all of which are associated with the extent of diabetic albuminuria. By impeding these pathophysiologic processes, VEGF receptor inhibition by SU5416 might become a useful adjunct to anti-albuminuria therapy in diabetic nephropathy. Copyright © 2006 by the American Society of Nephrology.
DOI
10.1681/ASN.2006010064
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE