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Validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Korean version in the elderly population: the Ansan Geriatric study

Title
Validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Korean version in the elderly population: the Ansan Geriatric study
Authors
Han C.Jo S.A.Kwak J.-H.Pae C.-U.Steffens D.Jo I.Park M.H.
Ewha Authors
조인호
SCOPUS Author ID
조인호scopus
Issue Date
2008
Journal Title
Comprehensive Psychiatry
ISSN
0010-440XJCR Link
Citation
vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 218 - 223
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Objective: We evaluated the diagnostic validity of the 9-item depression module of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in elderly Korean patients and suggest an optimal cutoff score to screen for major depressive disorders. Method: The PHQ-9 and an elderly health questionnaire were administered to 1060 subjects older than 60 years, chosen using a stratified random sample of the community. The PHQ-9 was measured and compared with the Geriatric Depression Scale, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory scores. Reliability and validity tests, factor analysis, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were performed. Results: The PHQ-9 indicated that 175 subjects had depressive disorders, and 885 subjects were rated as healthy. The PHQ-9 showed significant positive internal consistency (r = 0.88) and test-retest reliability (r = 0.60). The convergent validity with Geriatric Depression Scale and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale was significantly positive (r = 0.74 and 0.66, respectively). We suggest a score of 5 as the optimal cutoff point when screening for depressive disorders using the PHQ-9. Conclusions: The Korean version of the PHQ-9 is an appropriate diagnostic tool for depression, and a score of 5 is the optimal cutoff for Korean elderly subjects. Screening for depression in the elderly population using the PHQ-9 would be valuable when medically ill patients show depressive symptoms in a primary health care setting. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1016/j.comppsych.2007.08.006
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의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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