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Systematic variation of summertime tropical cyclone activity in the western North Pacific in relation to the Madden-Julian oscillation

Title
Systematic variation of summertime tropical cyclone activity in the western North Pacific in relation to the Madden-Julian oscillation
Authors
Kim J.-H.Ho C.-H.Kim H.-S.Sui C.-H.Park S.K.
Ewha Authors
박선기
SCOPUS Author ID
박선기scopus
Issue Date
2008
Journal Title
Journal of Climate
ISSN
0894-8755JCR Link
Citation
vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1171 - 1191
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
The variability of observed tropical cyclone (TC) activity (i.e., genesis, track, and landfall) in the western North Pacific (WNP) is examined in relation to the various categories of the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) during summer (June-September) for the period 1979-2004. The MJO categories are defined based on the empirical orthogonal function analysis of outgoing longwave radiation data. The number of TCs increases when the MJO-related convection center is located in the WNP. The axis of a preferable genesis region systematically shifts like a seesaw in response to changes in the large-scale environments associated with both the eastward and northward propagation of the MJO and the intraseasonal variability of the WNP subtropical high. Furthermore, the authors show that the density of TC tracks in each MJO category depends on the systematic shift in the main genesis regions at first order. Also, the shift is affected by the prevailing large-scale steering flows in each MJO category. When the MJO-related convection center is found in the equatorial Indian Ocean (the tropical WNP), a dense area of tracks migrates eastward (westward). The effects of extreme ENSO events and the variations occurring during ENSO neutral years are also examined. A statistical analysis of TC landfalls by MJO category is applied in seven selected subareas: the Philippines, Vietnam, South China, Taiwan, East China, Korea, and Japan. While a robust and significant modulation in the number of TC landfalls is observed in south China, Korea, and Japan, the modulation is marginal in the remaining four subareas. © 2008 American Meteorological Society.
DOI
10.1175/2007JCLI1493.1
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엘텍공과대학 > 환경공학전공 > Journal papers
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