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Tribological and material analyses of retrieved alumina and zirconia ceramic heads correlated with polyethylene wear after total hip replacement
- Tribological and material analyses of retrieved alumina and zirconia ceramic heads correlated with polyethylene wear after total hip replacement
- Kim Y.-H.; Kim J.-S.
- Ewha Authors
- 김영후; 김준식
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 김영후; 김준식
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B
- vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 731 - 737
- It has been suggested that the wear of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) in total hip replacement is substantially reduced when the femoral head is ceramic rather than metal. However, studies of alumina and zirconia ceramic femoral heads on the penetration of an UHMWPE liner in vivo have given conflicting results. The purpose of this study was to examine the surface characteristics of 30 alumina and 24 zirconia ceramic femoral heads and to identify any phase transformation in the zirconia heads. We also studied the penetration rate of alumina and zirconia heads into contemporary UHMWPE liners. The alumina heads had been implanted for a mean of 11.3 years (8.1 to 16.2) and zirconia heads for a mean of 9.8 years (7.5 to 15). The mean surface roughness values of the explanted alumina heads (Ra 40.12 nm and Rpm 578.34 nm) were similar to those for the explanted zirconia heads (Ra 36.21 nm and Rpm 607.34 nm). The mean value of the monoclinic phase of two control zirconia heads was 1% (0.8% to 1.5%) and 1.2% (0.9% to 1.3%), respectively. The mean value of the monoclinic phase of 24 explanted zirconia heads was 7.3% (1% to 26%). In the alumina group, the mean linear penetration rate of the UMWPE liner was 0.10 mm/yr (0.09 to 0.12) in hips with low Ra and Rpm values (13.22 nm and 85.91 nm, respectively). The mean linear penetration rate of the UHMWPE liner was 0.13 mm/yr (0.07 to 0.23) in hips with high Ra and Rpm values (198.72 nm and 1329 nm, respectively). This difference was significant (p = 0.041). In the zirconia head group, the mean linear penetration rate of the UHMWPE liner was 0.09 mm/yr (0.07 to 0.14) in hips with low Ra and Rpm values (12.78 nm and 92.99 nm, respectively). The mean linear penetration rate of the UHMWPE liner was 0.12 mm/yr (0.08 to 0.22) in hips with high Ra and Rpm values (199.21 nm and 1381 nm, respectively). This difference was significant (p = 0.039). The explanted zirconia heads which had a minimal phase transformation had similar surface roughness and a similar penetration rate of UHMWPE liner as the explanted alumina head. ©2008 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery.
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