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Gender differences in the effect of obesity on chronic diseases among the elderly Koreans

Title
Gender differences in the effect of obesity on chronic diseases among the elderly Koreans
Authors
Kim I.-H.Chun H.Kwon J.-W.
Ewha Authors
천희란
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Journal of Korean Medical Science
ISSN
1011-8934JCR Link
Citation
vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 250 - 257
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
The objective of this study is to investigate gender differences of obesity on major chronic diseases in elderly Korean males and females. This study applied a cross sectional design using the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHNES). We selected 508 elderly males and 830 elderly females who were 60 or more years old. Obesity was defined using Body Mass Index (BMI) (≥ 25) or Waist Circumference (WC) (≥ 90 for men and ≥ 85 for women). We applied a surveylogistic regression to determine gender differences in relation to the effect of obesity on eleven major chronic diseases. Using WC, 46.2% of females were obese compared to 34.3% for males. Similarly, using BMI, 42.2% of females were obese compared to 31.7% for males. While obese males and females had similar profiles for developing metabolic syndrome components including hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes (odds ratios [ORs] were 1.8-2.6 for males and 1.7-2.5 for females), obese elderly females had additional risks for arthritis and urinary incontinence (ORs 1.5-1.8 for females) as well as higher prevalence for these diseases. A clearer understanding of gender differences in relation to the association between obesity and chronic diseases would be helpful for reducing the social burden of chronic diseases in the elderly. © 2011 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2011.26.2.250
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사회과학대학 > 행정학전공 > Journal papers
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