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Phylogeny and biogeography of apiaceae tribe oenantheae inferred from nuclear rdna its and cpdna psbi-5'trnK(uuu) sequences, with emphasis on the north american endemics clade
- Phylogeny and biogeography of apiaceae tribe oenantheae inferred from nuclear rdna its and cpdna psbi-5'trnK(uuu) sequences, with emphasis on the north american endemics clade
- Downie S.R.; Katz-Downie D.S.; Sun F.-J.; Lee C.-S.
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- vol. 86, no. 9, pp. 1039 - 1064
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Intergeneric phylogenetic relationships within Apiaceae tribe Oenantheae were investigated using sequence data from the chloroplast DNA psbI-5'trnK(UUU) and nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer regions. One hundred and thirty-one accessions were examined, representing all 17 genera of the tribe and approximately one-half of its species. The cpDNA region includes four intergenic spacers and the rps16 intron and these noncoding loci were analyzed sepa-rately to assess their relative utility for resolving relationships. Separate maximum parsimony analyses of the entire psbI-5'trnK(UUU) and ITS regions, each with and without scored indels, yielded concordant trees. Phylogenies derived from max-imum parsimony, Bayesian, or maximum likelihood analyses of combined chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequences for 82 accessions were highly resolved, well supported, and consistent. Among the five noncoding loci examined, the trnQ(UUG)-5'rps16 and 3'rps16-5'trnK(UUU) intergenic spacers are the most variable, with the latter contributing the greatest total num-ber of parsimony informative characters relative to its size. The North American genera Atrema, Cynosciadium, Daucosma, Limnosciadium, Neogoezia, Oxypolis, Ptilimnium, and Trepocarpus ally with the western hemispheric and Australasian ge-nus Lilaeopsis in a strongly supported North American Endemics clade that is a sister group to a clade composed primarily of Old World taxa (Berula sensu lato, Cryptotaenia, Helosciadium, and Sium). Oxypolis and Ptilimnium are not monophyletic, with the rachis-leaved members of each comprising a clade separate from their compound-leaved congeners. Disper-sal-vicariance analysis suggests that the ancestors of the North American Endemics clade probably originated in Canada and the USA or in a broader ancestral area including Mexico and South America. © 2008 NRC Canada.
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