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Burden of Disease Study and Priority Setting in Korea: An Ethical Perspective

Title
Burden of Disease Study and Priority Setting in Korea: An Ethical Perspective
Authors
Park, So-YounKwon, IvoOh, In-Hwan
Ewha Authors
권복규
SCOPUS Author ID
권복규scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE
ISSN
1011-8934JCR Link1598-6357JCR Link
Citation
vol. 31, pp. S108 - S113
Keywords
Cost of IllnessEthical AnalysisKoreaHealth PolicyBurden of Disease
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
When thinking about priority setting in access to healthcare resources, decision-making requires that cost-effectiveness is balanced against medical ethics. The burden of disease has emerged as an important approach to the assessment of health needs for political decision-making. However, the disability adjusted life years approach hides conceptual and methodological issues regarding the claims and value of disabled people. In this article, we discuss ethical issues that are raised as a consequence of the introduction of evidence-based health policy, such as economic evidence, in establishing resource allocation priorities. In terms of ethical values in health priority setting in Korea, there is no reliable rationale for the judgment used in decision-making as well as for setting separate and distinct priorities for different government bodies. An important question, therefore, is which ethical values guiding the practice of decision-making should be reconciled with the economic evidence found in Korean healthcare. The health technology assessment core model from the European network for Health Technology Assessment (EUnetHTA) project is a good example of incorporating ethical values into decision-making. We suggest that a fair distribution of scarce healthcare resources in South Korea can be achieved by considering the ethical aspects of healthcare.
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2016.31.S2.S108
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의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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