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The political economy of changes in family and old-age welfare policy spending: Analysis of OECD countries, 1998-2011
- The political economy of changes in family and old-age welfare policy spending: Analysis of OECD countries, 1998-2011
- Baek, Seung-Ho; Ryu, Yun-Kyu; Lee, Sophia Seung-yoon
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL WELFARE
- 1369-6866; 1468-2397
- vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 116 - 126
- policies to support working families; old-age policy; public social expenditure; crowding-out effect; welfare budget competition; institutional path dependency; secondary data analysis; qualitative research
- SSCI; SCOPUS
- Baek S-H., Ryu Y-K., Lee S. S-Y. The political economy of changes in family and old-age welfare policy spending: Analysis of OECD countries, 1998-2011 This study investigated whether in times of budget constraints and in countries with relatively large family policy spending, family policy has an advantage in the budget competition with old-age expenditures, compared with countries with a lower level of family policy spending. We employed pooled time-series cross-sectional analysis of 24 OECD countries from 1998 to 2011. Our findings suggest that the initial level of family spending tends to moderate the crowding-out effect of old-age spending, indicating that the more mature a family spending policy is, the more it resists budget competition from old-age policy. Furthermore, the size of government debt was found to have an insignificant effect on welfare budgeting. Our findings indicate that retrenchment in welfare spending for old age cannot be fully explained by budget constraints. Politics among interest groups associated with different welfare programmes can be an important determinant in explaining changes in spending on each welfare programme.
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