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Relationship between fruit and fish intakes and cardiovascular disease risk factors in Korean women with type 2 diabetes mellitus: Based on the 4th and 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys

Title
Relationship between fruit and fish intakes and cardiovascular disease risk factors in Korean women with type 2 diabetes mellitus: Based on the 4th and 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys
Authors
Oh J.S.Kim H.Kim K.N.Chang N.
Ewha Authors
장남수김혜숙
SCOPUS Author ID
장남수scopus; 김혜숙scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
Journal of Nutrition and Health
ISSN
2288-3886JCR Link
Citation
vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 304 - 312
Keywords
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factorsDiet intakeType 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)
Publisher
Korean Nutrition Society
Indexed
SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between food intakes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Korean women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: The data were collected from the 2007-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). In this study, subjects were divided into two groups, the normal fasting glucose (NFG) group (n = 7,738) and the T2DM group (n = 225). Dietary intake was derived from the nutrition survey, which was collected by trained dietitians using 24-hour dietary recall through the face-to-face interview method in the sample person's home. Results: After adjustment for confounding factors, mean fruit (p = 0.0265), fruit and vegetable without kimchi (p = 0.0295), and fish (p = 0.0112) intakes were significantly lower in the T2DM group than in the NFG group. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, odds ratio (OR) for risk of high systolic blood pressure (≥ 140 mmHg) was lower in the over the median compared to under the median for fruit intakes (OR; 0.657, 95% CI; 0.523-0.824). The OR for the risk of hypertriglyceridemia was lower in the over the median compared to under the median for fruit and vegetable without kimchi (OR; 0.828, 95% CI; 0.7111-0.963) and fish (OR; 0.783, 95% CI; 0.673-0.910) intakes. Conclusion: These results show that intakes of fruits, fish, and fruits and vegetables without kimchi have beneficial effects on CVD in Korean women with T2DM. © 2016 The Korean Nutrition Society.
DOI
10.4163/jnh.2016.49.5.304
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신산업융합대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal papers
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