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Major factors affecting the ambient particulate nitrate level at Gosan, Korea
- Major factors affecting the ambient particulate nitrate level at Gosan, Korea
- Kim N.K.; Kim Y.P.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Atmospheric Research
- vol. 90, no. 41309, pp. 104 - 114
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Major factors that determine the ambient particulate nitrate concentration at Gosan, Jeju Island, Korea are identified based on the inorganic ionic and elemental data in TSP and PM 2.5 measured between March 1998 and February 2003. It was found that the nitrate in TSP was highly correlated with crustal species such as nss-Ca 2+ and nss-Mg 2+, while nitrate in PM 2.5 was highly correlated with anthropogenic species such as NH 4 +. In the high nitrate cases in TSP, the concentrations of crustal species and NH 4 + were high and the air parcels moved mostly from Mongolia. In the high nitrate cases in PM 2.5, the concentration of NH 4 + was high and the air parcels moves mostly from southern China. It was found that the air parcels were mainly from the Pacific Ocean for the low nitrate cases. Still there was significant number of the low nitrate cases with air parcels from Mongolia for both TSP and PM 2.5. In these cases, the concentrations of crustal species were low for TSP and those of NH 4 + were low for PM 2.5. Therefore, the most important factors that determined the level of nitrate were the concentration of crustal species for TSP and the concentration of NH 4 + for PM 2.5 irrespective of air parcel movement. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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