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Transperineal Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging for Detection of Anatomic Defects in the Anal Sphincter Complex Muscles

Title
Transperineal Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging for Detection of Anatomic Defects in the Anal Sphincter Complex Muscles
Authors
Weinstein M.M.Pretorius D.H.Jung S.Nager C.W.Mittal R.K.
Ewha Authors
정성애
SCOPUS Author ID
정성애scopus
Issue Date
2009
Journal Title
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
ISSN
1542-3565JCR Link
Citation
vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 205 - 211
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Background & Aims: Three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) imaging is a powerful tool to visualize various components of the anal sphincter complex, that is, the internal anal sphincter (IAS), the external anal sphincter (EAS), and the puborectalis muscle (PRM). Our goal was to determine the reliability of the 3D-US imaging technique in detecting morphologic defects in the IAS, EAS, and PRM. Methods: Transperineal 3D-US images were obtained in 3 groups of women: nulliparous (n = 13), asymptomatic parous (n = 20), and patients with fecal incontinence (FI) (n = 25). The IAS and EAS were assessed to determine the craniocaudal length of defects and were scored as follows: 0 = normal, 1 = less than 25%, 2 = 25% to 50%, 3 = 50% to 75%, and 4 = greater than 75%. The 2 PRM hemislings were scored separately as follows: 0 = normal, 1 = less than 50% abnormal, and 2 = greater than 50% length abnormal. Subjects were grouped according to the score as follows: normal (score 0), minor abnormality (scores of 1 and 2), and major abnormality (scores of 3 and 4). Three observers performed the scoring. Results: The 3D-US allowed detailed evaluation of the IAS, EAS, and PRM. The inter-rater reliability for detecting the defects ranged between 0.80 and 0.95. Nullipara women did not show any significant defect but the defects were quite common in asymptomatic parous and FI patients. The prevalence of defects was greater in the FI patients as compared with the asymptomatic parous women. Conclusions: 3D-US yields reliable assessment of morphologic defects in the anal sphincter complex muscles. © 2009 AGA Institute.
DOI
10.1016/j.cgh.2008.08.019
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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