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Novel Anatomic Description of the Course of the Inferior Palpebral Vein for Minimally Invasive Aesthetic Treatments

Title
Novel Anatomic Description of the Course of the Inferior Palpebral Vein for Minimally Invasive Aesthetic Treatments
Authors
Lee, Sang-HeeLee, Hyung-JinKim, Yi-SukTansatit, TanvaaKim, Hee-Jin
Ewha Authors
김이석
SCOPUS Author ID
김이석scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
DERMATOLOGIC SURGERY
ISSN
1076-0512JCR Link1524-4725JCR Link
Citation
vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 618 - 623
Publisher
LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
BACKGROUND The inferior palpebral vein (IPV) receives tributaries from the inferior palpebral part of the orbicularis oculi muscle (OOc). The aim of this study was to elucidate the venous distribution pattern of the IPV for dermal filler injection. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifty hemifaces from 34 cadavers were used in this study. The various distribution patterns of the IPV were classified according to its relationship with the angular vein (AV) and facial veins. RESULTS The IPV can be classified into the following 4 types: Type I (58.0%), in which the origin of the IPV is located beneath the lateral part of the OOc; Type II (12.0%), in which the origin of the IPV is located beneath the inferior part of the OOc; Type III (8.0%), in which the origin of the IPV is located beneath both the lateral and inferior parts of the OOc; and Type IV (22.0%), in which the IPV is undeveloped. CONCLUSION The course of the IPV can be approximated by connecting the lateral orbital rim to the C point (the meeting point between the IPV and the AV). The lateral rim can be palpated and the location of the C point is suggested as a columnar area inferior to the pupil.
DOI
10.1097/DSS.0000000000000700
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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