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Associations between Dietary Intake and Urinary Bisphenol A and Phthalates Levels in Korean Women of Reproductive Age

Title
Associations between Dietary Intake and Urinary Bisphenol A and Phthalates Levels in Korean Women of Reproductive Age
Authors
Jo, AraKim, HyesookChung, HyewonChang, Namsoo
Ewha Authors
장남수정혜원김혜숙
SCOPUS Author ID
장남수scopus; 정혜원scopus; 김혜숙scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN
1660-4601JCR Link
Citation
vol. 13, no. 7
Keywords
beverageBisphenol Adietary intakeeggphthalatesreproductive aged women
Publisher
MDPI AG
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Human exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates is a growing concern due to their association with harmful effects on human health, including a variety of disorders of the female reproductive system. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between food intake and urinary BPA and phthalates in Korean women of reproductive age. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 305 reproductive aged (30-49 years) females in Korea. Dietary intake was assessed using 24 h dietary recall, and urinary BPA and particular phthalates were measured using high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. After adjusting for covariates, beverage intake was positively associated with urinary BPA, and egg and egg product intake was negatively associated with urinary mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP) as well as mono (2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP). Odds ratio for high BPA level (>= 90th percentile) in women with >100 g of beverage consumption was significantly higher than for those who consumed <= 100 g. These results suggest that, in Korean women of reproductive age, some foods such as beverages and egg may be associated with body burdens of BPA, MnBP, MEHHP and MEOHP.
DOI
10.3390/ijerph13070680
Appears in Collections:
신산업융합대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal papers
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