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Comparison of dietary behavior, changes of diet, and food intake between 40-59 years old subjects living in urban and rural areas in Lao PDR

Title
Comparison of dietary behavior, changes of diet, and food intake between 40-59 years old subjects living in urban and rural areas in Lao PDR
Authors
Kim J.Y.Yi K.Kang M.Kang Y.Lee G.Kim H.H.-S.Hansana V.Kim Y.
Ewha Authors
이경옥강민아김유리김현수이건정
SCOPUS Author ID
이경옥scopus; 강민아scopus; 김유리scopus; 김현수scopus; 이건정scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
Journal of Nutrition and Health
ISSN
2288-3886JCR Link
Citation
vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 111 - 124
Keywords
Dietary behaviorLao PDRNon-communicable diseasesWesternization
Publisher
Korean Nutrition Society
Indexed
SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Abstract
Purpose: The current study was conducted for evaluation and comparison of dietary behavior and food intake in different regions of Lao PDR. Methods: The survey was conducted on 979 people aged 40-59 years old living in 25 urban provinces and 25 rural provinces in four districts (VTE Capital-Chanthabuly, Xaysetha, VTE Province-Phonhong, and Thoulakhom) of Laos. General demographic information, health status, and dietary behavior were surveyed using a questionnaire. Results: The literacy ratio (p = 0.000), education level (p = 0.000), asset ownership level (p = 0.000), and government and private employee ratio (p = 0.000) were higher in urban subjects compared with rural subjects. The mean value of weight (p = 0.000), waist circumference (p = 0.000), and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.009) and alcohol consumption (p = 0.000), self-rated health status (p = 0.001), and the rate of obesity (p = 0.000) were significantly higher in urban subjects compared with rural subjects. However, the rate of current smoker was significantly higher in the rural group (p = 0.023). Meals are becoming more westernized by higher frequency of eating out, consumption of fatty meat and fried or stir-fried food in urban areas compared to rural areas. Urban subjects had relatively better balanced meals compared to rural subjects whereas they consumed insufficient meals per day and consumed meals irregularly compared to rural subjects. Intake of fruit and milk was significantly higher in urban subjects compared with rural subjects. However, the intake of vegetables was significantly higher in rural areas than urban areas. Conclusion: The result of this study showed that the traditional Lao diet is being replaced by an unhealthy western dietary pattern, which may be a risk factor for increasing development of non-communicable disease (NCD) in Lao PDR. Planning of proper personalized nutritional intervention and education in each area is needed to decrease the health risks of NCD. © 2016 The Korean Nutrition Society.
DOI
10.4163/jnh.2016.49.2.111
Appears in Collections:
신산업융합대학 > 체육과학부 > Journal papers
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