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The clinical value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake on positron emission tomography/computed tomography for predicting regional lymph node metastasis and non-curative surgery in primary gastric carcinoma

Title
The clinical value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake on positron emission tomography/computed tomography for predicting regional lymph node metastasis and non-curative surgery in primary gastric carcinoma
Authors
Choi J.Y.Shim K.N.Kim S.E.Jung H.K.Jung S.A.Yoo K.
Ewha Authors
유권정성애정혜경심기남김성은
SCOPUS Author ID
유권scopus; 정성애scopus; 정혜경scopus; 심기남scopus; 김성은scopus
Issue Date
2014
Journal Title
The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
ISSN
1598-9992JCR Link
Citation
vol. 64, no. 6, pp. 340 - 347
Indexed
SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Abstract
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Accurate preoperative detection of regional lymph nodes and evaluation of tumor resectability is critical to determining the most adequate therapy for gastric cancer. The aim of this study is to identify a possible link between 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) uptake on PET scan combined with CT scan (PET/CT) and predictions of lymph node metastasis and non-curative surgery.METHODS: This study included 156 gastric cancer patients who underwent preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT and surgery. In cases with perceptible FDG uptake in the primary tumor or lymph nodes, the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was calculated.RESULTS: In multivariate analysis, non-curative surgery (OR, 11.05; 95% CI, 1.10-111.08; p=0.041), tumor size (≥3 cm) (OR, 7.39; 95% CI, 2.41-22.70; p<0.001), and lymph node metastasis (OR, 5.47; 95% CI, 2.05-14.64; p=0.001) were significant independent predictors for 18F-FDG uptake in the primary tumors. Tumor size (tumor size ≥3 cm) (OR, 3.15; 95% CI, 1.16-8.58; p=0.025) and lymph node metastasis (OR, 3.36; 95% CI, 1.23-9.14; p=0.018) showed significant association with 18F-FDG uptake in lymph node. When the SUVmax of the primary gastric tumor was greater than 3.75, the sensitivity and specificity of PET/CT with regard to the diagnosis of metastatic lymph node were 73.5% and 74.5%. When the SUVmax of the primary gastric tumor was greater than 4.35 and the FDG uptake of lymph nodes was positive, non-curative surgery was predicted with a sensitivity of 58.8% and specificity of 91.6%.CONCLUSIONS: A high FDG uptake of the gastric tumor was related to histologic positive lymph nodes and non-curative surgery.
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의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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