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A new species of yeti crab, genus Kiwa Macpherson, Jones and Segonzac, 2005 (Decapoda: Anomura: Kiwaidae), from a hydrothermal vent on the Australian-Antarctic Ridge

Title
A new species of yeti crab, genus Kiwa Macpherson, Jones and Segonzac, 2005 (Decapoda: Anomura: Kiwaidae), from a hydrothermal vent on the Australian-Antarctic Ridge
Authors
Lee S.-H.Lee W.-K.Won Y.-J.
Ewha Authors
원용진
SCOPUS Author ID
원용진scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
Journal of Crustacean Biology
ISSN
0278-0372JCR Link
Citation
vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 238 - 247
Keywords
Circum-Antarctic Ridge systemDeep seaMujin vent fieldSouthern Ocean
Publisher
Brill Academic Publishers
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
A new species of deep-sea yeti crab, Kiwa araonae, is described from a hydrothermal vent field, Mujin ("Misty Harbor"), at a depth of about 2000 m on the Australian-Antarctic Ridge (AAR), Southern Ocean. The Mujin vent field (62°11.79′S), in a large, unexplored gap in the Circum-Antarctic Ridge system, is the most southern record for a yeti crab to date. Kiwa araonae n. sp. is the fourth described species in the family Kiwaidae Macpherson, Jones and Segonzac, 2005, and the second known from the Southern Ocean. This new species differs morphologically from its three congeners by the having a nearly flat branchial region, relatively short rostrum, third sternite with parallel lateral margins, slender chela, straight fingers of the chela, and propodi of pereiopods 2-4 with three corneous spines on the flexor margins. The Bayesian phylogenetic tree and the genetic distance based on the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene (408 bp) clearly indicate the distinctiveness of this species. The discovery of Kiwa araonae in the AAR suggests a possible biogeographic connection of the Southern Ocean vent faunas. The presence of a new hydrothermal vent field with endemic species in the AAR provides additional information on the global biogeography of deep-sea vent faunas. © The Crustacean Society 2016. Published by Brill NV, Leiden.
DOI
10.1163/1937240X-00002418
Appears in Collections:
자연과학대학 > 생명과학전공 > Journal papers
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