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Eurasian snow cover variability in relation to warming trend and Arctic Oscillation
- Eurasian snow cover variability in relation to warming trend and Arctic Oscillation
- Yeo, Sae-Rim; Kim, WonMoo; Kim, Kwang-Yul
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- CLIMATE DYNAMICS
- 0930-7575; 1432-0894
- vol. 48, no. 42737.0, pp. 499 - 511
- Eurasian snow cover extent; Global warming; Arctic Oscillation; Cyclostationary EOF
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Two distinct modes of snow cover variability over Eurasia are investigated using cyclostationary empirical orthogonal function (CSEOF) analysis. The first mode of Eurasian snow cover extent (SCE) represents a seasonally asymmetric trend between spring and fall. The spring SCE shows a decreasing trend, while the fall SCE particularly in October exhibits a clear increasing trend. This seasonally asymmetric trend of SCE is closely linked to Arctic sea ice decline accompanied by warming in the northern Eurasia. The decreased SCE during spring is primarily attributed to the warm air temperature anomalies, while the increased SCE in October results from the loss of sea ice and the ensuing moisture transport to the atmosphere, which is realized as increased snow in October. The second mode of Eurasian SCE, on the other hand, is closely related to Arctic Oscillation (AO), which is a dominant mode of Northern Hemisphere atmospheric variability. The snow cover variability over Europe during winter is largely affected by AO variability, rather than the warming signal represented by the first CSEOF mode. Detailed descriptions of the two distinct modes of Eurasian SCE and their interactions with oceanic and atmospheric variables are presented along with possible implications for future climate.
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