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The effect of head rotation on efficiency of ventilation and cuff pressure using the PLMA in pediatric patients

Title
The effect of head rotation on efficiency of ventilation and cuff pressure using the PLMA in pediatric patients
Authors
Park H.S.Han J.I.Kim Y.J.
Ewha Authors
한종인김윤진박학수
SCOPUS Author ID
한종인scopus; 김윤진scopus; 박학수scopus
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
ISSN
2005-6419JCR Link
Citation
vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 220 - 224
Indexed
SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Abstract
Background: This study examined whether changing the head position from neutral to side can affect expiratory tidal volume (TV) and cuff pressure when the appropriate sizes of a ProsealTM Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) -depending on the body weight -are used in pediatric patients during pressure controlled ventilation (PCV). Methods: Seventy-seven children (5-30 kg) were divided into three groups according to their body weight, PLMA#1.5 (group I, n = 24), #2 (group II, n = 26), and #2.5 (group III, n = 27). After anesthesia induction, a PLMA was placed with a cuff-pressure of 60 cmH2O. The TV and existence of leakage at the peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) of 20 cmH2O, and the appropriate PIP for TV 10 ml/kg were examined. Upon head rotation to the left side, the TV, PIP, cuff pressure changes, and the appropriate PIP to achieve a TV 10 ml/kg were evaluated. Results: Head rotation of 45 degrees to the left side during PCV caused a significant increase in cuff pressure and a decrease in TV, and there was no definite leakage. Changes in PIP and TV were similar in the three groups. The cuff pressure increased but there was no significant difference between the three groups. Conclusions: Although cuff pressure and TV of the PLMA were changed significantly after turning the head from the neutral position to the side, a re-adjustment of the cuff pressure and PIP to maintain a TV of 10 ml/kg can make the placed PLMA useful and successful in pediatric patients under general anesthesia. © the Korean Society of Anesthesiologists, 2011.
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의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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