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Clinical characteristics of obese boys and girls in a high school: Focused on abdominal fat indices, fatty liver and carotid intima-media thickness
- Clinical characteristics of obese boys and girls in a high school: Focused on abdominal fat indices, fatty liver and carotid intima-media thickness
- Oh J.E.; Jung J.; Kim H.S.; Hong Y.M.; Yoo J.H.; Song Y.W.; Jung J.W.; Kim N.S.; Noh C.I.
- Ewha Authors
- 홍영미; 유정현; 김혜순
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 홍영미; 유정현; 김혜순
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Korean Journal of Pediatrics
- vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 292 - 297
- Purpose: Our study aimed to evaluated sex differences in clinical features of obese high school students, Methods: One hundred three obese high school students (body mass index [BMI]≥85th percentile) and 51 control students (BMI< 85th percentile) were enrolled in this study. Anthropometric mea surements were performed. Fasting serum glucose, insulin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, total cholesterol, tri glyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and high-sensitive C-reactive protein were measured. Abdominal fat thickness, degree of fatty liver, and carotid intima-media thickness were measured by ultrasound. Results: In control and obese groups, waist circumference was sig nificantly longer in boys but body fat mass was significantly higher in girls. In the control group, total cholesterol and LDL-C were higher in girls. In the obese group, however, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and triglyceride were higher and HDL-C was lower in boys. Preperitoneal fat thickness was significantly higher in obese girls. In obese group, the degree of fatty liver was significantly higher in boys. Carotid intima-media thickness was not significantly different between boys and girls. Conclusion: Obese adolescents had distinguishable sex differences in body measurements, metabolic abnormalities, abdominal fat thickness and fatty liver. We can infer that these characteristics may extend into adult obesity. © 2011 by The Korean Pediatric Society.
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