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Clinical characteristics of obese boys and girls in a high school: Focused on abdominal fat indices, fatty liver and carotid intima-media thickness

Title
Clinical characteristics of obese boys and girls in a high school: Focused on abdominal fat indices, fatty liver and carotid intima-media thickness
Authors
Oh J.E.Jung J.Kim H.S.Hong Y.M.Yoo J.H.Song Y.W.Jung J.W.Kim N.S.Noh C.I.
Ewha Authors
홍영미유정현김혜순
SCOPUS Author ID
홍영미scopus; 유정현scopus; 김혜순scopus
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Pediatrics
ISSN
1783-1061JCR Link
Citation
vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 292 - 297
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Abstract
Purpose: Our study aimed to evaluated sex differences in clinical features of obese high school students, Methods: One hundred three obese high school students (body mass index [BMI]≥85th percentile) and 51 control students (BMI< 85th percentile) were enrolled in this study. Anthropometric mea surements were performed. Fasting serum glucose, insulin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, total cholesterol, tri glyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and high-sensitive C-reactive protein were measured. Abdominal fat thickness, degree of fatty liver, and carotid intima-media thickness were measured by ultrasound. Results: In control and obese groups, waist circumference was sig nificantly longer in boys but body fat mass was significantly higher in girls. In the control group, total cholesterol and LDL-C were higher in girls. In the obese group, however, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and triglyceride were higher and HDL-C was lower in boys. Preperitoneal fat thickness was significantly higher in obese girls. In obese group, the degree of fatty liver was significantly higher in boys. Carotid intima-media thickness was not significantly different between boys and girls. Conclusion: Obese adolescents had distinguishable sex differences in body measurements, metabolic abnormalities, abdominal fat thickness and fatty liver. We can infer that these characteristics may extend into adult obesity. © 2011 by The Korean Pediatric Society.
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의과대학 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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