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Telmisartan attenuates hyperglycemia-exacerbated VCAM-1 expression and monocytes adhesion in TNFα-stimulated endothelial cells by inhibiting IKKβ expression

Title
Telmisartan attenuates hyperglycemia-exacerbated VCAM-1 expression and monocytes adhesion in TNFα-stimulated endothelial cells by inhibiting IKKβ expression
Authors
Song K.-H.Park J.-H.Jo I.Park J.-Y.Seo J.Kim S.A.Cho D.-H.
Ewha Authors
조인호박정현
SCOPUS Author ID
조인호scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
Vascular Pharmacology
ISSN
1537-1891JCR Link
Citation
vol. 78, pp. 43 - 52
Keywords
Fimasartan (PubChem CID: 9,870,652)HyperglycemiaIKKβLosartan (PubChem CID: 3961)TelmisartanTelmisartan (PubChem CID: 65,999)Vascular inflammationVCAM-1
Publisher
Elsevier Inc.
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Uncontrolled hyperglycemia accelerates endothelial damage and vascular inflammation caused by proinflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), which leads to arteriosclerotic cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction. Telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB), is prescribed for treatment of hypertensive patients with concurrent diabetes mellitus (DM). Although a few clinical trials have suggested that telmisartan decreases cardiovascular complications in diabetic patients, the molecular mechanism for the beneficial effects remains elusive. Here, we investigated a molecular mechanism and effects of telmisartan on the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and attachment of monocytes onto endothelial cells induced by TNFα in hyperglycemia-treated bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). Telmisartan dose-dependently decreased hyperglycemia-aggravated IκB kinase β (IKKβ) expression and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65-Ser536 phosphorylation, which accompanied a decrease in VCAM-1 expression and THP-1 monocytes adhesion. Among ARBs, including losartan and fimasartan, only telmisartan showed the inhibitory effects on expression of VCAM-1 and IKKβ, and phosphorylation of NF-κB p65-Ser536. The telmisartan's beneficial effects were not changed by pretreatment with GW9662, a specific and irreversible peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) antagonist, although GW9662 clearly inhibited rosiglitazone-induced CD36 expression. Finally, ectopic expression of wild type (WT)-IKKβ significantly restored telmisartan-attenuated VCAM-1 expression, NF-κB p65-Ser536 phosphorylation, and THP-1 monocytes adhesion. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that telmisartan ameliorates hyperglycemia-exacerbated vascular inflammation, at least in part, by decreasing expression of IKKβ and VCAM-1 independently of PPARγ. Telmisartan may be useful for the treatment of DM-associated vascular inflammation and cardiovascular diseases. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
DOI
10.1016/j.vph.2015.10.001
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의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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