View : 117 Download: 0

A longitudinal study of utterance length in morphemes as a predictor of treatment outcome in early childhood stuttering

Title
A longitudinal study of utterance length in morphemes as a predictor of treatment outcome in early childhood stuttering
Authors
Lee S.-B.Sim H.-S.
Ewha Authors
심현섭
SCOPUS Author ID
심현섭scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
Communication Sciences and Disorders
ISSN
2288-1328JCR Link
Citation
vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 189 - 201
Keywords
Early childhood stutteringLongitudinal studyPersistent groupRecovered groupUtterance length
Publisher
Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Abstract
Objectives: Previous studies investigating the relationship between stuttering and language ability have been inconsistent, thus, this study investigated the treatment outcome of utterance length in children (age 2 to 5) within one year of the onset of stuttering. Furthermore, the study longitudinally examined utterance length's influence on recovery from early childhood stuttering. Methods: For 18 months direct therapy was given to eighteen children with indirect therapy for their parents to change their attitudes. Speech samples were collected five times (assessment at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months) and were analyzed to identify contributing factors of persistence and recovery in the developmental pathway of stuttering. Results: The results were as follows. First, no significant group differences were found in 3 types of utterance length (total, fluent, and stuttered utterance length). Second, when fluent utterance length was compared to nonstuttering children (Kim, 2002), both groups displayed similar patterns of normal language development. Third, a relationship between frequency of abnormal disfluency and stuttered utterance length was observed, that is, higher frequency of abnormal disfluency influenced stuttered utterance length in both groups. Conclusion: The results suggest that length of fluent and stuttered utterances should be considered as an important element in the initial treatment of stuttering and identifying longitudinal changes in utterance length, being essential for improved treatment of early childhood stuttering. We also suggest that clinicians be aware of language and disfluency changes at 12 and 18 months after treatment in order to enhance our understanding of stuttering. © 2015 Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology.
DOI
10.12963/csd.15245
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 언어병리학과 > Journal papers
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE