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Factor configurations with governance as conditions for low HIV/AIDS prevalence in HIV/AIDS recipient countries: Fuzzy-set analysis

Title
Factor configurations with governance as conditions for low HIV/AIDS prevalence in HIV/AIDS recipient countries: Fuzzy-set analysis
Authors
Lee H.-Y.Yang B.-M.Kang M.
Ewha Authors
강민아
SCOPUS Author ID
강민아scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
Journal of Korean Medical Science
ISSN
1011-8934JCR Link
Citation
vol. 30, pp. S167 - S177
Keywords
CorruptionDemocratic accountabilityEffectiveness of official development assistanceFuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysisHIV/AIDS
Publisher
Korean Academy of Medical Science
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
This paper aims to investigate whether good governance of a recipient country is a necessary condition and what combinations of factors including governance factor are sufficient for low prevalence of HIV/AIDS in HIV/AIDS aid recipient countries during the period of 2002-2010. For this, Fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) was used. Nine potential attributes for a causal configuration for low HIV/AIDS prevalence were identified through a review of previous studies. For each factor, full membership, full non-membership, and crossover point were specified using both author's knowledge and statistical information of the variables. Calibration and conversion to a fuzzy-set score were conducted using Fs/QCA 2.0 and probabilistic tests for necessary and sufficiency were performed by STATA 11. The result suggested that governance is the necessary condition for low prevalence of HIV/AIDS in a recipient country. From sufficiency test, two pathways were resulted. The low level of governance can lead to low level of HIV/AIDS prevalence when it is combined with other favorable factors, especially, low economic inequality, high economic development and high health expenditure. However, strengthening governance is a more practical measure to keep low prevalence of HIV/AIDS because it is hard to achieve both economic development and economic quality. This study highlights that a comprehensive policy measure is the key for achieving low prevalence of HIV/AIDS in recipient country. © 2015 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2015.30.S2.S167
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사회과학대학 > 행정학전공 > Journal papers
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