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Diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis: Recent advances and diagnostic algorithms

Title
Diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis: Recent advances and diagnostic algorithms
Authors
Ryu Y.J.
Ewha Authors
류연주
SCOPUS Author ID
류연주scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
ISSN
1738-3536JCR Link
Citation
vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 64 - 71
Keywords
DiagnosisLungTuberculosis
Publisher
Korean National Tuberculosis Association
Indexed
SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Abstract
Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) persists as a great public health problem in Korea. Increases in the overall age of the population and the rise of drug-resistant TB have reinforced the need for rapid diagnostic improvements and new modalities to detect TB and drug-resistant TB, as well as to improve TB control. Standard guidelines and recent advances for diagnosing pulmonary TB are summarized in this article. An early and accurate diagnosis of pulmonary TB should be established using chest X-ray, sputum microscopy, culture in both liquid and solid media, and nucleic acid amplification. Chest computed tomography, histopathological examination of biopsy samples, and new molecular diagnostic tests can be used for earlier and improved diagnoses, especially in patients with smear-negative pulmonary TB or clinicallydiagnosed TB and drug-resistant TB. Copyright © 2015 The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.4046/trd.2015.78.2.64
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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