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Perioperative complications of orthopedic surgery for lower extremity in patients with cerebral palsy

Title
Perioperative complications of orthopedic surgery for lower extremity in patients with cerebral palsy
Authors
Lee S.Y.Sohn H.-M.Chung C.Y.Do S.-H.Lee K.M.Kwon S.-S.Sung K.H.Lee S.H.Park M.S.
Ewha Authors
이승열
SCOPUS Author ID
이승열scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
Journal of Korean Medical Science
ISSN
1011-8934JCR Link
Citation
vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 489 - 494
Keywords
ASA classCerebral palsyGMFCS levelPerioperative complicationSingle event multilevel surgery
Publisher
Korean Academy of Medical Science
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
Because complications are more common in patients with cerebral palsy (CP), surgeons and anesthesiologists must be aware of perioperative morbidity and be prepared to recognize and treat perioperative complications. This study aimed to determine the incidence of and risk factors for perioperative complications of orthopedic surgery on the lower extremities in patients with CP. We reviewed the medical records of consecutive CP patients undergoing orthopedic surgery. Medical history, anesthesia emergence time, intraoperative body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, immediate postoperative complications, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, Cormack-Lehane classification, and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification were analyzed. A total of 868 patients was included. Mean age at first surgery was 11.8 (7.6) yr. The incidences of intraoperative hypothermia, absolute hypotension, and absolute bradycardia were 26.2%, 4.4%, and 20.0%, respectively. Twenty (2.3%) patients had major complications, and 35 (4.0%) patients had minor complications postoperatively. The incidences of intraoperative hypothermia, absolute hypotension, and major postoperative complications were significantly higher in patients at GMFCS levels IV and V compared with patients at GMFCS levels I to III (P < 0.001). History of pneumonia was associated with intraoperative absolute hypotension and major postoperative complications (P < 0.001). These results revealed that GMFCS level, patient age, hip reconstructive surgery, and history of pneumonia are associated with adverse effects on intraoperative body temperature, the cardiovascular system, and immediate postoperative complications. © 2015 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2015.30.4.489
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의료원 > 의료원 > Journal papers
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