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Facial arterial depth and relationship with the facial musculature layer

Title
Facial arterial depth and relationship with the facial musculature layer
Authors
Lee J.-G.Yang H.-M.Choi Y.-J.Favero V.Kim Y.-S.Hu K.-S.Kim H.-J.
Ewha Authors
김이석
SCOPUS Author ID
김이석scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
ISSN
0032-1052JCR Link
Citation
vol. 135, no. 2, pp. 437 - 444
Publisher
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Background: Previous studies have revealed a variation in the origin and distribution patterns of the facial artery. However, the relationship between the facial artery and the facial muscles has not been well described. The purpose of this study was to determine the facial artery depth and relationship with the facial musculature layer, which represents critical information for dermal filler injection and oral and maxillofacial surgery. Methods: Fifty-four embalmed adult faces from Korean cadavers (36 male and 18 female cadavers; mean age, 73.3 years) were used in this study. A detailed dissection was performed, with great care being taken to avoid damaging the facial artery underlying the facial skin and muscle. Results: The facial artery was first categorized according to the patterns of its final arterial branches. The branching pattern was classified simply into three types: type I, nasolabial pattern (51.8 percent); type II, nasolabial pattern with an infraorbital trunk (29.6 percent); and type III, forehead pattern (18.6 percent). Each type was further subdivided according to the facial artery depth and relationship with the facial musculature layer as types Ia (37.0 percent), Ib (14.8 percent), IIa (16.7 percent), IIb (12.9 percent), IIIa (16.7 percent), and IIIb (1.9 percent). Conclusion: This study provides new anatomical insight into the relationships between the facial artery branches and the facial muscles, including providing useful information for clinical applications in the fields of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Copyright © 2015 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.
DOI
10.1097/PRS.0000000000000991
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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