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Computer and internet interventions for loneliness and depression in older adults: A meta-analysis

Title
Computer and internet interventions for loneliness and depression in older adults: A meta-analysis
Authors
Choi M.Kong S.Jung D.
Ewha Authors
정덕유
SCOPUS Author ID
정덕유scopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
Healthcare Informatics Research
ISSN
2093-3681JCR Link
Citation
vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 191 - 198
Indexed
SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Abstract
Objectives: This study conducted a meta-analysis to examine the effectiveness of computer and Internet training interventions intended to reduce loneliness and depression in older adults. Methods: Searches were performed to retrieve studies that had been published in peer-reviewed journals from January 2001 to July 2012 and written in English or Korean from PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, KoreaMed, KMbase, KISS, MEDLIS, and RISS. We used combinations of the keywords for population, intervention, and psychosocial problems. A meta-analysis was employed to summarize the findings of studies on computer and Internet interventions for older adults. An overall mean weighted effect size for each outcome was calculated, and Q statistics were used to test the heterogeneity of variance in the effect sizes of the selected studies. Results: As the Q statistics revealed heterogeneity, random effects models were chosen for the meta-analysis. The overall mean weighted effect size for loneliness from five studies was statistically significant for decreased loneliness (Z = 2.085, p = 0.037). However, the overall mean weighted effect size for depression from five studies was not statistically significant (Z = 1.528, p = 0.126). Conclusions: These results suggest that computer and Internet programs were effective in managing loneliness among older adults. Therefore, further computer-mediated social support should be considered to help manage loneliness in this population. © 2012 The Korean Society of Medical Informatics.
DOI
10.4258/hir.2012.18.3.191
Appears in Collections:
간호대학 > 간호학전공 > Journal papers
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