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Business Interests and US-China Relations on Climate Change

Title
Business Interests and US-China Relations on Climate Change
Authors
Oh J.S.
Ewha Authors
Jennifer Sejin Oh
SCOPUS Author ID
Jennifer Sejin Ohscopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
Pacific Focus
ISSN
1225-4657JCR Link
Citation
vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 36 - 61
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Abstract
Cooperation between the USA and China serves as the lynch pin for the creation of an effective international climate regime. Recent US-China relations on climate change exhibit the contrasting pattern of active collaboration at the bilateral level and hostile relations at multilateral climate negotiations. This article argues that domestic politics, in particular business interests, largely explain the variation in US-China relations at the bilateral and multilateral levels. Due to the fragmented and decentralized structure of the climate policy community in the USA and China, business interests wield a disproportionately large influence over climate politics in both countries. Unlike multilateral climate negotiations that focus on universal benefits, bilateral collaborations on climate change projects deliver targeted benefits to business sectors through various government funding, support and favorable policies. As a result, business interests in the USA and China are quite supportive of bilateral climate change projects, while they oppose any endeavor to implement binding regulations in multilateral climate negotiations. Such observation implies that meaningful US-China cooperation on climate change will have to occur through bilateral projects that induce active private sector partnerships and private-public partnerships. © 2012 Center for International Studies, Inha University.
DOI
10.1111/j.1976-5118.2012.01075.x
Appears in Collections:
국제대학원 > 국제학과 > Journal papers
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