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Proposal of pharmacogenetics-based warfarin dosing algorithm in Korean patients

Title
Proposal of pharmacogenetics-based warfarin dosing algorithm in Korean patients
Authors
Choi J.R.Kim J.-O.Kang D.R.Yoon S.-A.Shin J.-Y.Zhang X.Roh M.O.Hong H.J.Wang Y.-P.Jo K.-H.Lee K.-S.Yun H.-J.Oh Y.-S.Yoo K.-D.Jeon H.-G.Lee Y.S.Kang T.S.Park H.-J.Chung M.W.Kang J.-H.
Ewha Authors
최정란
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Journal of Human Genetics
ISSN
1434-5161JCR Link
Citation
vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 290 - 295
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS scopus
Abstract
Warfarin is a commonly prescribed anticoagulant drug for the prevention of thromboembolic disorders. We investigated the contribution of genetic variations of four genes and clinical factors to warfarin dose requirement and provided a warfarin-dosing algorithm based on genetic and clinical variables in Korean patients. We recruited 564 Korean patients on stable anticoagulation. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for the VKORC1, CYP2C9, CYP4F2 and GGCX were analyzed. Using multiple regression analysis, we developed a model to predict the warfarin requirement. The SNPs of VKORC1, CYP2C9, CYP4F2 and GGCX showed significant correlation with warfarin dose. Patients with the 3730AA genotype received significantly higher doses of warfarin than those with the 3730GG (P=0.0001). For CYP2C9, the highest maintenance dose was observed in the patients with wild-type genotype compared with the variant allele carriers (P<0.0001). The multiple regression model including age, gender, body surface area (BSA), international normalized ratio (INR) and four genetic polymorphisms accounted for 35% of total variations in warfarin dose (R2 = 0.3499; P<0.0001). This study shows that age, gender, BSA, INR and VKORC1, CYP2C9 and CYP4F2 polymorphism affect warfarin dose requirements in Koreans. Translation of this knowledge into clinical guidelines for warfarin prescription may contribute to improve the efficacy and safety of warfarin treatment for Korean patients. © 2011 The Japan Society of Human Genetics All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1038/jhg.2011.4
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