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Body weight at birth and at age three and respiratory illness in preschool children

Title
Body weight at birth and at age three and respiratory illness in preschool children
Authors
Jeong Y.Jung-Choi K.Lee J.H.Lee H.Y.Park E.A.Kim Y.J.Ha E.Oh S.-Y.Park H.
Ewha Authors
하은희박은애김영주박혜숙이화영이진화최경희
SCOPUS Author ID
하은희scopus; 박은애scopus; 김영주scopus; 박혜숙scopus; 이화영scopus; 이진화scopus; 최경희scopus
Issue Date
2010
Journal Title
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
ISSN
1975-8375JCR Link
Citation
vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 369 - 376
Indexed
SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Abstract
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of current body weight and body mass index (BMI) at age three and birth weight in developing chronic respiratory illness in childhood and identify possible interaction underlying its mechanism. Methods: The study was carried out with 422 children who were enrolled in a hospital-based birth cohort. Birth related anthropometric data were collected at birth. At age 3 years, the presence of respiratory symptoms was evaluated by using the Korean version of core questionnaire for wheezing and asthma from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Physical examination was carried out to measure the child s weight and height. Results: Children in the lowest birth weight tertile (aOR = 3.97, 95% Cl = 0.94-16.68) or highest BMI tertile (aOR = 3.68, 95% Cl = 1.24-10.95) at three years of age were at an increased risk of chronic respiratory illness. Children who were initially in the lowest birth weight tertile but now belong in the highest weight tertile had higher risk of chronic respiratory illness compared to those who had remained in the middle tertile (OR=16.35, 95% Cl = 1.66-160.57). Conclusions: Children with lower birth weight or higher BMI were at an increased risk of chronic respiratory illness. In addition, children who were initially in the lowest birth weight tertile but are now in the highest weight tertile had higher risk of chronic respiratory illness compared to those who remained in the middle tertile.
DOI
10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.5.369
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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