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Physical and mental health of disaster victims: A comparative study on typhoon and oil spill disasters

Title
Physical and mental health of disaster victims: A comparative study on typhoon and oil spill disasters
Authors
Chung S.Kim E.
Ewha Authors
정순둘
SCOPUS Author ID
정순둘scopus
Issue Date
2010
Journal Title
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
ISSN
1975-8375JCR Link
Citation
vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 387 - 395
Indexed
SCOPUS; KCI scopus
Abstract
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the physical and mental health status of disaster victims according to disaster types, such as a typhoon disaster and an oil spill disaster, and to suggest adequate health care services for them. Methods: A total of 484 people who suffered disasters were selected for this study, and data were collected from July to August, 2008. The data-set for this study included 286 victims of typhoon disasters in Jeju and Jeollanamdo district in South Korea, and 198 victims of the oil spill disaster in Taean. Physical health status was measured using revised Patient Health Questionnaire and mental health status was measured using the Korean version of 'Post-traumatic Diagnostic Scale'. Results: According to the comparative analyses of typhoon disaster victims and oil spill disaster victims, poorer physical health outcomes were shown among the oil spill disaster victims when compared to the typhoon disaster victims. Also, the oil spill disaster victims showed symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder, at rates higher than those found among the typhoon disaster victims. Conclusions: These findings suggest that there is a need to provide adequate physical and mental health-related care services for oil spill disaster victims. The seriousness of oil spill disaster should be realized and reconsidered in developing recovery strategies and disaster preparedness for physical and mental health services.
DOI
10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.5.387
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 사회복지학전공 > Journal papers
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